“Eating disorder is a mental disorder or fatal illnesses that cause distrubances to a person’s eating behaviors. They include Binge Eating Disorder, Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Pica, Rumination Disorder, Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder and some specified disorders like Anxiety Disorders, Depression and substance abuse are among eating disorders.
Binge Eating Disorder means people eat a large amount in a short time, Anorexia Nervosa means people eat very little and have low weight of body, Bulimia Nervosa means people eat a lot and then try to rid themselves of food then Pica means people eat non – food items, Rumination means people vomit the food, Avoidant food means people have less interest in food.
Reasons that cause eating disorder are biological and environmental factors and also cultural idealization of thinness. Eating disorder mainly causes to the dancers and also those who have experienced sexual abuse. People with intellectual disabilities may affect with rumination disorder. There are only 20% to 60% of chances of clear the Bulimia whereas Anorexia and Bulimia increase the risk of death. Eating disorder appears to be less in developing or under developing countries. Anorexia and Bulimia occurs ten times more often in women’s than in males.
ICD and DSM:
Eating disorders are specified as mental disorders in some standard medical manuals such as ICD-10 and DSM -5 or both.
- Anorexia Nervosa:
Anorexia Nervosa can cause menstruation to stop and then leads to bone loss and skin integrity. It causes heart related problems and rate of death with this disease is very high. It causes due to the lack of maintenance of a healthy body weight and a fear of gaining weight also on recognition of the seriousness of the present low body weight.
- Bulimia Nervosa:
Bulimia Nervosa causes self-induced vomiting or eating to the point of vomiting and also excessive use of laxatives or exercise. Due to the fasting and doing over exercising causes purging following a binge.
- Muscle dysmorphia:
Muscle dysmorphia is defined as appearance of one’s own body is too small and too skinny also insufficiently lean. It causes mainly to the males.
- Binge eating disorder:
It is defined as eating at least once a week and experience lack of control. These disorders can be seen in wide range of ages and socioeconomic classes.
The other specified eating disorders includes people with atypical anorexia nervosa, who met all criteria for AN except being weight loss, substantial weight loss, atypical bulimia nervosa met with all criteria for BN except bulimic behaviors are less frequentand night eating syndrome.
- Compulsive overeating
- Prader-willi syndrome
- Orthorexia nervosa
- Selective eating disorder
- Gourmand syndrome
Symptoms of eating disorders:
Physical symptoms like weakness, fatigue, sensitivity to cold, reduced beard growth in men, reduction in waking erections, low libido, weight loss and failure of growth. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common disorder to affect women. Other symptoms are dry lips, tongue burning and parotid gland swelling and also temporomandibular disorders.
People with eating disorders also suffer from body dysmorphic disorder and also found that 15% of individuals have either anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. Numerous studies says that an individual who is a first degree relative of someone has an eating disorders is twelve times more likely have an eating disorder themselves. 60% of eating disorders cases are attributable to the biological and genetic components.
Treatment for the eating disorders:
- Proper diet